World Heritage Sites in Colombia

Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena

(10.42 N 75.53 W)

Situated in a bay in the Caribbean Sea, Cartagena has the most extensive fortifications in South America. A system of zones divides the city into three neighbourhoods: San Pedro, with the cathedral and many Andalusian-style palaces; San Diego, where merchants and the middle class lived; and Gethsemani, the 'popular quarter'.

Los Katios National Park

(7.82 N 77.20 W)

Historic Center of Santa Cruz de Mompos

(9.25 N 74.48 W)

Tierradentro National Archaeological Park

(2.58 N 76.03 W)

Several monumental statues of human figures can be seen in the park, which also contains many hypogea dating from the 6th to the 10th century. These huge underground tombs (some burial chambers are up to 12 m wide) are decorated with motifs that reproduce the internal decor of homes of the period. They reveal the social complexity and cultural wealth of a pre-Hispanic society in the northern Andes.

San Augustin Archaeological Park

( 1.88 N 76.27 W)

This park houses the largest group of religious monuments and megalithic sculptures in South America. Gods and mythical animals are represented in styles ranging from abstract to realist.

Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

( 3.967 N 81.617 W)

Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia

(5.472 N 75.682 W)

This site encompasses six farming landscapes including 18 urban centers on the foothills of the western and central ranges of the Cordillera de los Andes in the west of the country. Coffee is grown in small plots in the high forest the farmers have adapted cultivation to difficult mountain conditions. Building materials were, and remain in some areas, cob and pleated cane for the walls with clay tiles for the roofs.

Qhapaq Nan, Andean Road System

(multiple sites)

Joint listing with Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. This site is a network of roads constructed by the Incas over several centuries covering 30,000km and includes 273 component sites. The network links the snow-capped peaks of the Andes – at an altitude of more than 6,000 m – to the coast, running through hot rainforests, fertile valleys and absolute deserts.

Chiribiquete National Park, "The Maloca of the Jaguar"

(0.525 N -72.797 S)

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Lynn Salmon <>{

Last updated: May 6, 2021