World Heritage Sites in Spain

Alhambra, Generalife, and Albayzin, Granada

(37.177 N 3.594 W)

The Alhambra, and its extension, the Generalife, are the most important pieces of architectural heritage from the Nasrides (the last of the Spanish Muslim dynasties).

Historic Center of Cordoba

(37.879 N 4.779 W)

Burgos Cathedral

(42.341 N 3.704 W)

Begun in 1221, this Gothic cathedral was not completed until 1567. The bones of "El Cid" were placed here in 1919.

Monastery and Site of the Escorial, Madrid

(40.589 N 4.147 W) --
satellite view

Works of Antoni Gaudi

(41.413 N 2.153 E)

The Parque Guell, Palacio Guell and Casa Mila were listed in 1984. Additional works added in 2005 include the Casa Vicens, the Nativity facade and crypt of the Sagrada Familia Cathedral, Casa Batilo, and the Crypt in Colonial Guell.

Altamira Cave

(43.377 N -4.122 W)

Old Town of Segovia, including its aqueduct

(40.948 N 4.117 W)

Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

(43.362 N 5.843 W)

Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

(42.881 N 8.544 W)

The Route of Santiago de Compostela

Old Town of Avila, including its Extra Muros churches

(40.655 N 4.708 W)

Mudejar Architecture of Aragon (formerly Teruel)

(40.344 N 1.107 W)

Group of four towers built at the back of churches bearing the same name: St. Peter, St. Salvador, St. Martin, and the cathedral.

Historic City of Toledo

(39.867 N 4.029 W)

Garajonay National Park

(28.08-28.20 N 17.17-17.30 W)

Located on the Island of Gomera, Canary Islands.

Old Town of Caceres

(39.474 N 6.370 W)

Cathedral, the Alcazar and Archivo de Indias, Sevilla

(37.383 N 5.991 W)

Old City of Salamanca

(40.965 N 05.664 W)

Poblet Monastery

(41.380 N 1.083 E) --
satellite view

Archaeological Ensemble of Merida

(38.916 N 6.338 W) --
satellite view

Royal Monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe

(39.453 N 5.328 W)

Donana National Park

(36.80-37.13 N 6.27-6.56 W)

Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

(40.077 N 2.132 W)

"La Lonja de la Seda" of Valencia

(39.475 N -0.378 W)

The Silk Exchange was built between 1482 and 1533 and was originally used for trading in silk.

Pyrenees - Mount Perdu

Spanning the borders of France and Spain, this mountain landscape is centered around the peak of Mount Perdu (3,352m).

Las Medulas

(42.470 N 6.769 W)

The Palau de la Musica Catalana and the Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

(41.387 N 2.175 W)

San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries

(42.326 N 2.865 W) --
satellite view

University and Historic Precinct of Alcala de Henares

(40.481 N 3.368 W)

Alcala de Henares was the world's first planned university city. It was home to Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra and his masterpiece, Don Quixote.

Rock-Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula

(39.79 N 1.03 W)

Spanish Rock Art from various caves scattered all over northern Spain. The oldest of these paintings are found in the Province of Santander, and date to around 20,000-10,000 BC.

Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture

(38.92 N 1.43 E) Balearic Islands

San Cristobal de La Laguna

(28.47 N 16.32 W) Canary Islands

The archaeological ensemble of Tarraco

(41.114 N 1.259 E)

The Palmeral of Elche

(38.271 N 0.697 W)

The Palmeral (date palm groves) were laid out with elaborate irrigation systems, during the Arab occupation of much of the Iberian peninsula, starting in the 8th century AD. The Palmeral are a remarkable example of the transference of a characteristic landscape from one culture and continent to another, in this case from North Africa to Europe.

Roman Walls of Lugo

(43.011 N 7.553 W)

The walls of Lugo were built in the later part of the 3rd century to defend the Roman town of Lucus. The entire circuit survives intact and is the finest example of late Roman fortifications in western Europe.

Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boi

multiple locations)

Archaeological Site of Atapuerca

(42.379 N 3.500 W)

Fossils of the earliest human beings in Europe were found in the caves of the Sierra de Atapuerca. They date from nearly one million years ago.

Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

(40.036 N 3.609 W)

Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Ubeda and Baeza

(Ubeda - 38.01 N 3.37 W & Baeza - 37.99 N 3.46 W)

Vizcaya Bridge

(43.323 N 3.0168 W)

Designed by the architect Alberto Palacios, the Bizkaia Hanging Bridge was the first bridge-ferry in the world in 1893. It is built at the mouth of the Ibaizabal/Nervion River, which crosses the city of Bilbao. The bridge links the towns of Portugalete, on the Left Bank, and Getxo, on the Right Bank

Teide National Park

(28.271 N 16.644 W)

Situated on the island of Tenerife, Teide National Park covers 18,990 ha and features the Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcano, the highest peak in Spain at 3718m. It is regarded as the world's third tallest volcanic structure.

Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Coa Valley

(40.99 N 7.10 W)

Tower of Hercules

(43.386 N 8.406 W)

Lighthouse at the entrance to La Coruna Harbor in north-western Spain.

Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana

(39.731 N 2.695 E)

Located on a sheer-sided mountain range parallel to the north-western coast of the island of Mallorca. The landscape is marked by agricultural terraces and inter-connected water works - including water mills - as well as dry stone constructions and farms.

Heritage of Mercury Mining: Almaden and Idrija

(38.775 N 4.839 W)

The property includes the mining sites of Almaden (Spain), where mercury (quicksilver) has been extracted since antiquity, and Idrija (Slovenia), where mercury was first found in 1490 AD. Together they represent the two largest mercury mines in the world, operational until recent times.

Antequera Dolmens Site

(37.025 N -4.544 S)**

Because of the size, volume and weight of the stone blocks used, the Antequera Domens site is considered one of the most important engineering and architectural works of European Prehistory. The oldest two dolmens (Menga and Viera) date from the 3rd millennium BC.

** The site comprises 5 locations in Andalusia, Southern Spain:

Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians

( multiple locations)

For more links see Joint listing with Slovakia.

Joint listing with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, and Ukraine. These are the largest remaining virgin forests of the European beech (Fagus sylvatica). They also hold the largest and tallest beech specimens in the world. This site originally consisted of ten separate components along an 185 km axis from the Rakhiv Mountains and the Chornohirskyi Range in the Ukraine, west along the Polonynian Ridge, to the Bukovske Vrchy and Vihorlat Mountains in Slovakia. The listing was extended in 2011 to include 5 Ancient Beech forests in Germany, further extended in 2017 to include more forests in 10 countries, and further extended in 2021.

Caliphate City of Medina Azahara

(37.886 N -4.868 W) -- satellite image

The city was built by the Umayyad dynasty in the mid-10th century and destroyed during a civil war that ened the Caliphate in 1009-10. The remains of the city were discovered almost 1,000 years later.

Risco Caido and the Sacred Mountains of Gran Canaria Cultural Landscape

(28.044 N 15.661 W)

Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro, a landscape of Arts and Sciences

(40.415 N 3.687 W)

Located in Madrid, the 200-hectare area has evolved since the creation of the tree-lined Paseo del Prado avenue in the 16th century.

Prehistoric Sites of Talayotic Menorca

(39.9975 N 3.9088 E) -- satellite view

Located on the island of Menorca in the western Mediterranean Sea, these archaeological sites are testimony to the occupation of the island by prehistoric communities.

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Lynn Salmon <>{

Last updated: January 9, 2024